Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder  (ASD) are both terms generally used for a group of complex disorders of brain development. ASD is characterized by difficulties in social  interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors all in varying degrees.

Many autism cases appear to be caused by a combination of autism risk genes along with environmental factors that influence the brains early development. 

Some variables that are said to help create risk factors and events are conceiving a child at a advanced parental age (both of the parents), being ill during pregnancy, and problems during the birth. In particular, any problem with oxygen deprivation to the baby’s brain. It is said that these things alone do not cause autism: But that these factors along with genetic risks can help to increase the risk modestly.

Research shows that risks can be greatly reduced by taking folic acid (at least 600 mcg a day).

A recent study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identified 1 in 68 children as having autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Go to